Thursday, October 29, 2015

Defence IQ--Interview: Oshkosh on JLTV victory, capabilities, prospects

Contributor:  Rory Jackson

The U.S. Army’s nearly decade-long search for a new armoured truck ended on August 25 with the selection of the Oshkosh Corporation’s Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle (L-ATV).

The initial contract for the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) programme is worth $6.7bn, and calls for low-rate production of 16,901 L-ATVs for the Army and Marines over the next three years. Following this, there will be an option for the armed forces to purchase additional units at full-rate production, with expected totals of 49,100 for the Army and 5,500 for the Marines in operation by 2040. The contract is expected to be worth over $30bn in total.

The JLTV programme was first approved in 2006, as the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) or Humvee was found lacking in its ability to withstand IED attacks. Rather than deal with the costs and time constraints involved in upgrading the armour of tens of thousands of Humvees, a new vehicle was sought.

Three bidders were selected in August 2012 for JLTV’s Engineering, Manufacturing and Development (EMD) phase. These were AM General with its Blast- Resistant Vehicle - Off Road (BRV-O), Lockheed Martin’s JLTV, and Oshkosh’s L-ATV, with all three being required to produce 22 prototype vehicles over the following 27 months.

Each L-ATV is costed at $433,539, to be sold at around $559,000 per unit. The vehicle weighs 6,400kg, is fitted with a GM Duramax V8 6.6-litre engine, and has a top road speed of around 112kmph. It also utilises a power-assisted, front wheel steering system and allison automatic transmission, and can be fitted with a selection of light and medium weapons, including anti-tank and automatic grenade weaponry.

The Wisconsin-based Oshkosh Corporation was awarded the JLTV contract at the end of August, but rival competitor Lockheed Martin was quick to launch a protest of the selection on September 9.
Oshkosh is unable to carry out any work related to the contract for the duration of the Government Accountability Office’s (GAO’s) review period, though Army spokesperson Michael Clow has said that the Army remains confident that Oshkosh’s platform would provide an affordable and substantial capability improvement to marines and soldiers.

With the review period ongoing, Defence Industry Bulletin reached out to Oshkosh Defence’s Senior Vice President of Defence Programs, John Bryant, to glean further information on the selection of the L-ATV, on which the U.S. military has been slow to comment thus far.


Thursday, August 27, 2015

Oshkosh Selected to Build the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle for the Army and Marine Corps

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Army awarded the Oshkosh Corp. a firm fixed price production contract for the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) program. The total contract value, including all options is $6.75 billion.

JLTV is an Army-led, joint acquisition program with the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) intended to close an existing gap in each services’ light tactical vehicle fleet.

“I am tremendously proud of the JLTV program team,” said Heidi Shyu, the assistant secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics & Technology). ““Working with industry, they are delivering major improvements in protected mobility for Soldiers and have succeeded in executing a program that remains on-budget and on-schedule.”“

The Army selected Oshkosh from three competing firms participating in the program’s engineering and manufacturing development phase, which began in 2012 and concluded earlier this year. Each vendor delivered 22 prototype vehicles as part of JLTV development, which were utilized as part of an intensive, 14-month competitive test.

“With America’s Soldiers and Marines in mind, the program team successfully met both services’ requirements for affordable, achievable capability advancements that will make a true difference,” said Sean Stackley, the assistant secretary of the Navy (Research, Development, and Acquisition). “Today’s award brings us a step closer to delivering a flexible vehicle that balances the payload, performance, and protection critical in the operating environments of today and tomorrow.”

Low-Rate Initial Production is slated to begin in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. The Army and Marine Corps will procure approximately 17,000 vehicles under this initial contract, with a decision on full rate production by the department expected in fiscal 2018. Procurement of 5,500 USMC vehicles are front-loaded into the JLTV production plan. Initial USMC operating capability is expected in fiscal 2018 with fielding to the Marine Corps complete in fiscal 2022.

The Army anticipates having its first unit equipped in fiscal 2018. Army procurement will last until approximately 2040 and replace a significant portion of the Army’s legacy light tactical vehicle fleet with 49,099 new vehicles.

JLTV manufacturing will be performed in Oshkosh, with deliveries beginning 10 months after award. A full-rate production decision is expected in fiscal 2018. JLTV remains a priority modernization effort for the Army and USMC.


Sunday, August 16, 2015

Requirements Integration and the History of MRAPS

The Army procured the MRAP in response to urgent warfighter requests for a highly survivable and mobile multi-mission vehicle, which was needed to counter evolving Improvised Explosive Devices (IED), Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFP), underbody mines, and small arms threats.

The Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) family of vehicles is a success story of rapid equipping with which most Soldiers and Army Civilians are familiar. Between 2005 and 2009, the Department of Defense quickly procured and allocated approximately 21,000 MRAPs and Route Clearing/Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) vehicles for the Army in combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. This rapid acquisition and fielding was in response to urgent warfighter requests for a highly survivable and mobile multi-mission vehicle, which was needed to counter evolving Improvised Explosive Devices (IED), Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFP), underbody mines, and small arms threats. What most Soldiers and civilians do not know is how the Army identified the requirements that resulted in the expedited acquisition of these 21,000 trucks.

In a November, 2005 meeting with Maj. Gen. David Fastabend -- a previous deputy director of the Army Capabilities Integration Center (ARCIC) – Brig. Gen. Anthony Ierardi, then-Director of ARICIC's Requirements Integration Directorate (RID), and his deputy Mr. Ed Mazzanti, were presented messages from commanders in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Addressed to the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Commanding General and Army senior leaders, those messages highlighted that threats to the Army tactical vehicle fleet had increased significantly due to the proliferation of IEDs. Specifically, they noted that the devices were being planted and detonated by the insurgency in highly adaptive ways.

These commanders uniformly stated that the inadequacy of the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) fleet had become apparent – even with the addition of up-armor kits. At that time, 63 percent of the fatalities and casualties in Iraq and 41percent in Afghanistan were the result of IED attacks. At the conclusion of the discussion, Maj. Gen. Fastabend directed RID to act as the lead in developing a TRADOC-wide task force to identify capability gaps, as well as isolate and assess ongoing capability solutions to protect U.S. forces from IEDs. He emphasized that this was not a routine development activity, and the timeline was constrained to months, and not years.

Three days after the initial meeting, the TRADOC Commander signed a directive establishing the Comprehensive Force Protection Initiative (CFPI). RID had led the drafting, staffing, and planning for a three-phase effort that included the participation of the Infantry Center; Armor Center; Maneuver Support Center; Combined Arms Support Command; Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM); and the Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC). Spearheaded by RID's Accelerated Capability Division, the CFPI was directed to "cast the net widely for existing commercial, government, and mature prototype solutions – including off-shore sources." CFPI was a primary duty for all participants and was scheduled to provide Army leadership with recommendations five months later in April 2006.

After analyzing the capability gaps, RID led a follow-on CFPI phase to define the MRAP vulnerability and survivability criteria. Essential to this effort was the request for the physical and physics parameters associated with how mines kill vehicles and their occupants. Isolation of this information turned out to be pivotal. The last phase was a CFPI solution demonstration led by the U.S. Army Armor Center (USAARMC) at Ft. Knox, Kentucky in March 2006. The demonstrations involved 15 commercially manufactured vehicles and prototypes, provided and operated at no cost by the vendors. The analytical results obtained from this multiple task demonstration by industry participants (including candidates from South Africa and Europe) to the Army, TRADOC, and the CFPI helped shape the exact definition of what Soldiers needed. This data informed the Key Performance Parameters and Key System Attributes of the MRAP accelerated acquisition strategy.

Based upon the CFPI insights, successive RID Directors sought every opportunity to press for the Army to pursue a survivable replacement for the up-armored HMMVW. RID leadership drafted the Operational Needs Statement that was used by the U.S. Army Central Command to define the requirement for 17,700 MRAPS. The CFPI results and recommendations were also provided to Army and Marine Corps leadership in the summer of 2006. In August 2006, the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) moved forward with the MRAP acquisition, soon followed by the Army decision to partner with the USMC in building and buying the MRAP. RID leadership participated with the Navy Program Manager for MRAP to interject CFPI generated parameters into the Request for Proposals from industry. Mr. Ed Mazzanti, the RID Deputy, was also the Army representative in the 2007 Source Selection Advisory Committee.

Finally, in January 2008, RID provided the senior Army member of the In-Theater Operational Assessment of MRAPS flowing into the Iraq theater. Based on that team's assessment that a more maneuverable variant was required for urban environments and canal zones outside Baghdad, then-RID Director Brig. Gen. Pete Palmer strongly advocated a more tactically mobile MRAP vehicle. RID personnel participated in the development of specifications for the MRAP All Terrain Vehicle (MATV), and Ed Mazzanti served as a member of the MATV Source Selection Advisory Committee. Today, MATVs provide Soldiers protected mobility across various types of terrain.

Since 2005, the leadership of the Department of Defense has made the provision of MRAP vehicles- and particularly servicemember survivability -- the most urgent department requirement. Speed of delivery drove the decision to use six MRAP vendors to produce 25 variants. Logistics and sustainment attributes were intentionally traded in order to rush delivery. Rather than take years to develop the optimum vehicle solution using the traditional acquisition model, MRAP capabilities were rapidly developed, fielded, and improved in a spiral approach to respond to evolving threats. The result was innumerable lives saved.

After the conclusion of OIF and the ongoing retrograde strategy for Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), the U.S. Army is now in the process of analyzing what to retain and divest of the remaining MRAPs. Given projected fiscal constraints, the Army cannot afford to upgrade or sustain approximately 21,000 MRAPs. Thus, the Army plans to retain around 11,500 MRAPs and Route Clearing/EOD vehicles. The decision to retain these MRAPs resulted from a detailed analysis of projected user requirements, vehicle mission roles, vehicle logistics commonality, and sustainment costs, with the goal of balancing risk, capabilities and affordability. In this and earlier related efforts, RID is proud of its participation in the eight-year evolution of the MRAP as an accelerated response to an urgent requirement for the joint force.

Thursday, August 13, 2015

HMMWV Alternatives

The army has purchased a purpose-built armored car, the M1117 Armored Security Vehicle in limited numbers for use by the United States Army Military Police Corps. In 2007, the Marine Corps announced an intention to replace all HMMWVs in Iraq with MRAPs due to high loss rates, and issued contracts for the purchase of several thousand of these vehicles, which include the International MaxxPro, MATV, the BAE OMC RG-31, the BAE RG-33 and Caiman, and the Force Protection Cougar, which have been deployed primarily for mine clearing duties. Heavier models of infantry mobility vehicles (IMV) can also be used for patrol vehicles. The Maxxpro Line has been shown to have the highest rate of vehicle rollover accidents to its very high center of gravity and immense weight. The massive weight of these vehicles combined with their high center of gravity also greatly reduces their utility in off road situations versus the HMMWV which was the primary cause for the push for the M-ATV to be developed quickly. 

Humvee replacement process The Humvee replacement process, now being undertaken by the U. S. military, is focused on interim replacement with MRAPs and long-term replacement with the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV). The HMMWV has evolved several times since its introduction, and is now used in tactical roles for which it was never originally intended. The military is pursuing several initiatives to replace it, both in the short and long terms. The short term replacement efforts utilize commercial off-the-shelf vehicles as part of the Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) program. These vehicles are procured to replace Humvees in combat theaters. The long term replacement for the Humvee is the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle which is designed from the ground up. The Future Tactical Truck Systems (FTTS) program was initiated to make an analysis of potential requirements for a Humvee replacement. Various prototype vehicles such as the Millen Works Light Utility Vehicle, and the ULTRA AP have been constructed as part of these efforts. 

The U. S. Marine Corps issued a request for proposals (RFP) in 2013 for its Humvee sustainment modification initiative to upgrade 6,700 expanded capacity vehicles (ECVs). The Marines plan to field the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, but do not have enough funding to completely replace all Humvees, so they decided to continue sustaining their fleet. Key areas of improvement include the suspension, engine, and transmission. Upgrades to the suspension would reduce the amount of force transferred to the chassis, lowering operation and maintenance costs. Additionally, upgrades to the engine and transmission would help to make the vehicles more fuel efficient, and enhancements to the cooling system will better prevent overheating. The Marine Corps is also looking at incorporating a central tire inflation system to allow for reduced tire pressures during off-road use to improve mobility and ride quality. They are also seeking to increase the underbody survivability. Testing of upgraded Humvees will occur in 2014, with production and installation occurring from 2015 through 2018. 

Older A2 series Humvees make up half the current fleet, and 4,000 are to be disposed of through foreign military sales and transfers. By 2017, the Marines’ light tactical vehicle fleet is to consist of 3,500 A2 series Humvees, 9,500 ECV Humvees, and 5,500 JLTVs, with 18,500 vehicles in total. Humvees in service with the Marine Corps will be upgraded through 2030. Oshkosh Corporation is offering Humvee upgrades to the Marine Corps in addition to its JLTV offering. Oshkosh has developed modular and scalable Humvee upgrade solutions, providing varying levels of capabilities at a range of price points, that can be provided individually or as complete solutions for upgrading all critical vehicle systems. Their approach addresses requirements for engine and powertrain, suspension, driveline, hubs and brakes, frame and hull, electrical, cooling, and auxiliary automotive improvements. The TAK-4 independent suspension system delivers 70 percent off-road profile capability, improved ride quality, and a 40 percent increase in maximum speed. It also gives greater whole vehicle durability, a restored 2,500-pound payload capacity, and a restored ground clearance of 17 inches. Oshkosh also can deliver a modern engine option that's more powerful than the Humvee's stock engine and provides increased fuel efficiency. The U. S. Army and Marine Corps have vowed commitment to buying nearly 55,000 JLTVs even in the face of sequestration cuts. This level of support is given while major acquisition programs like the Ground Combat Vehicle were in danger of cuts (and eventually cancelled), which potentially meant the Army favored replacing Humvees more than the M2 Bradley. How many light vehicles that will need to be reduced are still being determined, but they are hoped to direct the effects to the existing Humvee fleet. 

In October 2014, Northrop Grumman unveiled a new chassis and power train for the Humvee that would combine the mobility and Payload capabilities of original vehicle variants while maintaining the protection levels of up-armored versions. During operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the threat of IEDs and close-range combat prompted the addition of armor to Humvees to increase protection, but it was heavy which decreased fuel economy and mobility and increased stress on the chassis. Lower fuel efficiency increased the need for tanker trucks to supply them, threatening logistics through more traffic on vulnerable roads. The new chassis increases fuel efficiency to 16-18 miles per gallon and allows the vehicle to accelerate to over 60 mph (97 km/h) in 22 seconds. Installation can be done through removing the six attachment bolts and the electrical connections, lifting the body of the Humvee off, rolling the old chassis out, and rolling the new chassis in; the chassis includes a new power train, Transmission, and transfer case. Although the Army has not signed off on the upgrades, the company has installed the new chassis on four Humvees through a cooperative agreement with the Army, two of which have been delivered for trials.


Textron has offered another Humvee upgrade option to rival Northrop Grumman's. Called the Survivable Combat Tactical Vehicle (SCTV), it not only restores mobility but improves survivability over armored Humvee levels. It was developed as a blast protected cab solution with a stronger frame and suspension with underbody armor and the ability to mount additional B-kit armor. It has a 6.7L 275 hp engine system with 2500 SP Allison transmission that can power an increased gross vehicle weight of 18,500 lb (8,400 kg) (verses 13,450 lb (6,100 kg)) with four more inches of ground clearance, one-inch larger brakes, larger wheels and tires, and an improved internal layout with four inches of additional headroom. The battery pack was moved from under the passenger seat to outside under the hood and the 27-gallon plastic fuel tank was changed to a 40-gallon stainless steel container moved from under the transmission tunnel to behind the back wall. 

Available in four-door, two-door ambulance, and nine-seat troop carrier variants. The SCTV costs $200,000 compared to $145,000 for Northrop Grumman's solution, but the company claims It can restore the Humvee for operational use while the JLTV takes time to be introduced; both the Army and Marines have acquired about half a dozen vehicles each for testing.

Monday, June 8, 2015

Sweden’s Archer Self-Propelled Artillery Project

Sweden’s Archer Self-Propelled Artillery Project

The Archer is a next generation artillery system. It was developed as a replacement for ageing FH 77A and FH 77B towed howitzers. Development of this artillery system began in 2003. Prototypes were trialed in 2005 and 2006. Sweden and Norway ordered a total of 48 of these artillery systems (24 units each). A number of other countries expressed interest in obtaining this artillery system. First Archer's were delivered to the Swedish Army in 2013. However in the same year Norwegian MoD leaved the project due to funding problems.

This artillery system is a further development of the FH 77B 155-mm howitzer. It's barrel was extended to 52 calibers to give longer range of fire. The Archer has a rapid, automatic loading system. Maximum range of fire is 30 km with ordinary projectile and 40 km with rocket-assisted projectile. The Archer also fires Excalibur precision guided extended range projectiles with a maximum range of 60 km. It is also compatible with Bonus precision guided projectiles.

Maximum a rate of fire of 8 - 9 rounds per minute. The Archer is capable of multiple-round simultaneous - impact firing. It fires up to 6 rounds in 30 seconds, each in different trajectories, so that all of the shells arrive on target at the same time. The Archer transports 20 rounds.

It takes only 30 seconds to stop and be ready for firing. Out of action time is also as short as 30 seconds. Brief redeployment time allows to avoid counter-battery fire.

Secondary armament consists of LEMUR remotely controlled weapon system, fitted with 12.7-mm machine gun and smoke grenade dischargers.

The Archer has a crew of four, consisting driver and three operators. In case of emergency this artillery system can be operated by only two men (driver and one operator). The Archer is operated remotely from the cab.

Cab and artillery system of the Archer is protected against 7.62-mm armor-piercing rounds and artillery shell fragments. It is fitted with an automatic fire suppression system. It is worth mentioning that only vital parts of the artillery system are protected. Cab is fitted with NBC protection. It also withstands mine blasts equivalent to 6 kg of TNT.

The Archer artillery system is mounted on the commercially available Volvo A30D 6x6 articulated hauler chassis. Vehicle id fitted with emergency driving equipment, which makes possible to drive with all wheels punctured. The Archer can be airlifted by the Airbus A400M transport aircraft.

The Archer is reloaded by ammunition re-supply vehicle. Every self-propelled artillery system is assigned with one re-supply vehicle. Reloading time is up to 8 minutes. If necessary the gun can be loaded by re-supply personnel alone. The Archer is also assigned with one support (maintenance) vehicle per unit. It conducts refueling and simple maintenance.

Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin Sweden
Production history
Designed 1995
Weight 30 tonnes (66,000 lb)
Length Overall: 14.1 metres (46 ft 3 in)
Gun barrel: 8.06 m (26 ft 5 in)
Width Overall: 3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)
Height 3.3–3.9 m (10 ft 10 in–12 ft 10 in)
Crew 3-4 (Commander, driver, 1-2 operators)

1× FH 77 derived 155-mm/52-calibre howitzer
1× Protector (RWS) Remote weapon system
Engine Diesel
340 hp (250 kW)
Suspension 6×6 Independent suspension
500 kilometres (310 mi)
Speed 65 km/h (40 mph)

Sunday, May 24, 2015

VPK-7829 Bumerang (Boomerang) Armored Personnel Carrier

Russia's rearmament program will see the replacement of the iconic Soviet BTR-80 with a new armored personnel carrier known as the Boomerang.

The Boomerang is still about two years away from serial production, but it will take part in this year's May 9 parade.

Recently a new family of 8x8 armored vehicles was developed in Russia. The project is known as the Bumerang (boomerang). A baseline vehicle is an armored personnel carrier. The new APC was revealed to Russian military officials in 2013. The whole project is being kept in high secrecy. It is being developed alongside a new-generation Kurganets-25 infantry fighting vehicle. First APCs were delivered to the Russian Army for trials and evaluation in 2013. The Bumerang was first publicly revealed in 2015. Once approved, full-scale production is expected to begin in 2015.

Once operational this new-generation APC should replace a whole host of ageing Russian armored vehicles. The estimated requirement is at least 2 000 vehicles.

In the early 90s the BTR-90 was developed in Russia. It had a more powerful armament, improved protection greater mobility and increased internal volume, comparing with the previous BTR-80. However it was not accepted to service with the Russian Army, possibly due to funding problems. Since 2010 Russia stopped purchasing the older BTR-80 APCs. Currently improved BTR-82 is being obtained as a stop-gap measure until a new vehicle is available. In 2011 Russian MoD issued a requirement for a modular family of armored vehicles instead of the BTR-90.

The new vehicle has modular design. It has been reported that a number of components and subsystems are interchangeable with Kurganets-25 infantry fighting vehicle.

Engine of the Bumerang is located at the front of the hull. Troops will leave the new vehicle via rear doors, or roof hatches. It is worth mentioning that a rear-mounted engine of the BTR series APCs was a significant drawback, as troops had to leave the vehicle via side doors. Cramped side entry and exit hatches are even worse on BTR-70 APCs, which is still in service with the Russian Army. If such vehicle is ambushed, troops usually have to leave it under direct enemy fire.

It is most likely that the Bumerang will have a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. It will carry around 7 soldiers.

The new armored personnel carrier will be fitted with remotely controlled weapon station. Various stations are being developed, armed with 30-mm cannon, 12.7-mm and 7.62-mm machine guns. Vehicle might be also fitted with anti-tank guided missile launchers.

The new APC will have an 8x8 configuration. It will be fitted with a turbocharged diesel engine, developing around 500 hp. The same engine will be also used on Kurganets-25 next-generation infantry fighting vehicle. It seems that the new vehicle will be fully amphibious. On water it will be propelled by two waterjets.

Other armored vehicles of the Bumerang family will include armored ambulance, command post vehicle, reconnaissance vehicle, anti-tank missile carrier, air defense missile launcher, fire support vehicle, mortar carrier, and other. It seems that with these vehicle Russia plans to equip rapid deployment brigades, similar to US Stryker brigades.

Entered service expected in 2015
Crew 3 men
Personnel ~ 7 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 15 ~ 20 t
Length ~ 8 m
Width ~ 3 m
Height ~ 3 m
Main gun 30-mm (?)
ATGW Kornet-EM (?)
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm (?)
Ammunition load
Main gun 500 rounds (?)
ATGW 4 missiles (?)
Machine guns 2000 x 7.62-mm (?)
Engine diesel
Engine power ~ 500 hp
Maximum road speed ~ 100 km/h
Amphibious speed on water ~ 10 km/h
Range ~ 800 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 2 m
Fording Amphibious

Sunday, May 17, 2015


Provides a near-real-time picture of the battlespace through the use of signals intelligence sensors with the capability to detect, identify, and locate selected emitters.

Prophet is a 24-hour, all-weather, near-real- time, ground-based tactical signals intelligence/electronic warfare capability organic to the Brigade Combat Team (BCT), Stryker BCT, Armored Cavalry Regiment, and Battlefield Surveillance Brigade. Prophet contains two to four Electronic Support (ES) 1/Enhanced Systems and one to two Controls/ Prophet Analysis Cells (PACs). Prophet provides near-real-time force protection, situational awareness, and actionable intelligence by reporting the location, tracking, and identification of radio frequency emitters. It is interoperable on the Global Signals Intelligence Enterprise, delivering collected data to common databases for access by the intelligence community. Prophet's tactical mobility allows supported units to easily reposition its collection capability on the battlefield to support evolving situations.

The Prophet Enhanced System is a nonplatform dependent modular system that will allow easy integration onto a vehicle. The Sensor supports both Stationary and On-The-Move (Mobile) Operations simultaneously. The Mobile configuration also has the capability to support Manpack Operations. The Prophet Enhanced System provides increased capability over existing Prophet ES 1 Systems. The Prophet Enhanced System was accelerated to provide upgraded capability integrated on an XM1229 Medium Mine Protected Vehicle to provide better crew protection and was fielded to units in preparation for deployment in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Prophet ES System is integrated on an armored M1165 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV).

The Prophet ES 1 System was fielded to active and reserve units in support of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation New Dawn. Some Prophet ES 1 Systems were provided Wideband Beyond-Line-of-Site (WBLOS) capabilities, which is based on the present PM Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) architecture. This capability allows operation without the constraints of line-of-sight communication, increasing the system's capability to operate at extended distance and perform distributed operations. All Prophet Enhanced Systems have this capability.

Prophet Control (PC) is integrated on an armored M1165 HMMWV. PC/ PAC is the analytical node that tasks the Prophet ES 1 and Enhanced Systems for data collection and reporting. Each PC/PAC contains Satellite Communications (SATCOM). The PC has TROJAN-Lightweight Integrated Telecommunications Equipment (T-Lite) and PAC has a SATCOM Capability Set.